The International Bylaws of Mu Phi Epsilon specify the International Convention as the legislative and executive authority of the Fraternity. The International Executive Board (IEB) has this authority during non-convention times.
Annual conventions were held from 1904 until 1922, when biennial conventions were adopted.
Since 1974 triennial conventions have taken place. An exception of two years was made between 2001 and 2003 in order to allow a Centennial Convention in the appropriate year of 2003. Between 2003 and 2008, an exception was made in order to rebuild the Convention Fund and present a convention without debt.
Each active Collegiate and Alumni Chapter sends one Business Delegate and the Membership Committee Chairman is the Business Delegate representing all Allied Members.
The International Executive Board, all incoming and continuing District Directors, Committee Chairmen, Business Delegates, Music Delegates, Members and Guests are the participants.
The Silver Anniversary Convention was the last one attended by Dr. Winthrop Sterling. It was held at Troutdale-in-the-Pines, Colorado.
Salt Lake City was the site of the Golden Anniversary Convention (1953, observed in 1954).
The newly formed Memorial Foundation was officially recognized in Lincoln, Nebraska at the convention commemorating the 60th anniversary. This 1963 convention was also the first to have international delegates.
A major change occurred in the 1970s with the passage of Title IX of the 1972 Education Amendment Act. This stated that “…there shall be no discrimination as to race, creed, color or sex in election to membership in fraternities/sororities.” In effect Title IX ended the ability of a professional organization to restrict its membership eligibility to a single sex. Therefore the Diamond Jubilee Convention in Kansas City was momentous in that the Fraternity voted to open its membership to men. In seventy-five years Mu Phi Epsilon changed from a Music Sorority, to an Honorary Music Sorority, then a Professional Music Sorority and finally to a Coeducational Music Fraternity.
The 52nd National and 16th International Convention was held in Cincinnati, the founding city. This Centennial Convention was indeed A Sterling Celebration. Dawn Phelps Neal, Phi Nu/Los Angeles, was General Chairman of the Centennial Convention and Marva Nungester Rasmussen, Gamma Alpha/Cincinnati , served as local Chairman assisted by Willena Bourquein Schlueter, Mu Omicron/Cincinnati.
The Convention location rotates among the Provinces. Future conventions will be hosted by the following:
2014: Pacific and Pacific Southwest Provinces
2017: West Central and Pacific Northwest Provinces
2020: Central and South Central Provinces
2023: East Central and North Central Provinces